Plant-e: heats, shoots and leaves — electricity from living plants

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— the story —

Plants could soon provide our electricity. In a small way they already are doing that in research labs and greenhouses at project Plant-e — a university and commercially sponsored research group at Wageningen University in the Netherlands.

The Plant Microbial Fuel Cell can generate electricity from the natural interaction between plant roots and soil bacteria. It works by taking advantage of the up to 70 percent of organic material produced by photo-synthesis that cannot be used by the plant — and is excreted through the roots.

As natural occurring bacteria around the roots break down this organic residue, electrons are released as a waste product. By placing an electrode close to the bacteria to absorb these electrons, the research team — led by Marjolein Helder PhD — is able to generate electricity.

Helder said: “Solar panels are making more energy per square metre but we expect to reduce the costs of our system technology in the future. And our system can be used for different applications.”

Plant Microbial Fuel Cells can be used on various scales. An experimental 15 square meter model can produce enough energy to power a computer notebook. Plant-e is working on a system for large-scale electricity production in existing green areas like wetlands and rice paddy fields. “Our system can be used for different applications.

Helder said: “Our technology is making electricity but also could be used as roof insulation or as a water collector. On a bigger scale it’s possible to produce rice and electricity at the same time and in that way to combine food and energy production.”

A first prototype of a green electricity roof has been installed on one building at Wageningen University and researchers are keeping a close eye on what is growing there. The first field-pilots will be started in 2014. The technology was patented in 2007.

After 5 years of lab research: Plant-e is now taking the first steps toward commercializing the technology. In the future, bio-electricity from plants could produce as much as 3.2 watts per square meter of plant growth.


Plant-e | main
Plant-e | brochure


video | electricity from plants


on the web | essentials

Wageningen Univ. | main
Wageningen Univ. | research institutes: plant research
Wageningen Univ. | research institutes: centre for development innovation

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